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Chang’e-6 Returns with Lunar Soil Samples   

Chang'e-6 Returns with Lunar Soil Samples   

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The Chinese Chang’e-6 probe has returned to Earth with samples from the moon, marking a successful mission.. The probe collected soil and rock samples from the far side of the moon, landing in northern China’s Inner Mongolian region. Authorities had planned extensive preparations for the Chang’e-6 landing for months in advance. Scientists have released that the samples brought back by Chang’e-6, totaling 20 million 50 thousand years old, are related to volcanic rocks from the fire mountain range.

The moon’s surface has already been clarified with the presence of volcanic rocks and craters. Therefore, the samples brought by Chang’e-6 are crucial for conducting research on various aspects such as the moon’s formation and geological differences. Previous American and Soviet missions had collected samples from the near side of the moon. However, China has now collected samples from a more remote area of the moon.

Chang’e-6 was launched from Earth on May 3rd. After traveling for 53 days, Chang’e-6 reached the moon. It drilled into the lunar surface in the South Pole region and collected soil and rocks. Previously, China had sent the Chang’e-5 probe to the moon. By doing so, China collected samples from the moon. The samples collected so far, along with those collected by Chang’e-6, have been brought back to Earth. However, extracting these samples from the moon’s surface is a complex process. Scientists are still not fully aware of the geological aspects of the region where Chang’e-6 landed.

Through the Chang’e-6 mission, there is an opportunity to shed light on new topics such as rocks and substances in the lunar environment. Two regions of the moon are completely different, as revealed by remote sensing observations. The region around the South Pole has also softened in recent research. The reason for this is not yet known.

On May 3rd, Chang’e-6 was launched into space from Earth. It reached the moon’s orbit on June 1st, landing on the far side of the moon, known as the Aitken Basin, which is the oldest and largest basin on the South Pole. With the help of a scoop drill attached to the machine, it collected samples from the lunar surface. Chang’e-6 spent two days collecting these samples. On June 21st, it returned to Earth. The successful launch of a spacecraft from the moon’s orbit is an unprecedented achievement in the history of human lunar exploration. The Chinese government news agency, Xinhua, praised the successful launch of Chang’e-6 into space as a historic victory. China has decided to send a delegation to the moon’s orbit by 2030 as part of its space exploration program to establish a presence there.

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