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Eruvaka Pournami: Celebration of the arrival of Monsoons

Eruvaka Pournami: Celebration of the arrival of Monsoons


Eruvaka Pournami is one of the essential festivals related to agriculture and farmers of both Andhra and Rayalaseema, apart from Telangana regions in India. The place is celebrated at the commencement of the monsoon season. It usually happens during June or July. It is a time for thanksgiving and preparation when the rains bring life back into the dry lands, readying them for new cropping.

Thanks to Mother Earth

Monsoon is more than welcome after one has withstood the biting summer. The rains assimilate into the parched lands, and Eruvaka Pournami is a way of thanking Mother Earth, Bhudevi, too. Peasants thank the bountiful water flow and also beg for forgiveness for the scalds caused to the lands during ploughing. “For us farmers, Eruvaka holds the same significance as major festivals like Dussehra and Sankranti,” says Govardhan, a farmer from Mahabubnagar district.

Revering Animal Helpers

Farmers admit that all their hard work is sustained by animal helpers like cows, goats, and bulls. On Eruvaka, these animals receive special treatment. They are bathed and decorated, and are worshipped as a mark of respect for the invaluable service they render in farming.

Preparations for Planting Season

Eruvaka is the preparatory ritual-cum-ceremony for the ensuing agricultural season. Farmers will clean and decorate their implements and tools, which include their ploughs and seed drills. They even do a symbolic ploughing as a part of the prayer, so to say—a practice round before the actual planting.

Suresh Kumar, Gadwal District Horticulture Department, conveys his best wishes to all farmers on Eruvaka Pournami, comolikely with ample rains and successful agricultural season.

Community and Celebration

Eruvaka Pournami is a time for community and celebration. Farmers share meals made of wheat, rice, and barley, along with non-vegetarian dishes prepared according to regional traditions. Song, story-telling, and the pleasure of enjoying each other’s company mark this festival. For a good bumper crop, farmers do visit their fields to pray, thus reinforcing their importance in their work and bonding with nature.

Tradition and Science

It is a festival that combines tradition with a dash of science and superstition. The symbolic ploughing is said to avoid the release of harmful gases, due to the hot Jyeshta month. Eruvaka Pournami, coinciding with a full moon and falling at the time of the Jyeshta Nakshatra, is considered auspicious and vows good rainfall and an excellent harvest. “Eruvaka Pournami is a custom practiced since generations; it means worshipping and rejuvenating for the oncoming season,” says Mahendra Goud, a farmer from Mandoddi village.

A Celebration of Life

Eruvaka Pournami means much more than a harvest festival; it integrates life and what nature has given us with a need to remember. It showcases the role of farmers in our life and makes us remember constantly that we are all indebted to the soil. Therefore, while we relish our meal, let us not forget the farmer and what Eruvaka Pournami is: human beings and earth.

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