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“How is the implementation of the ‘POCSO’ Act?”

How is the implementation of the 'POCSO' Act?


Despite being a State Offence, it continues — Child Marriage in Mahabubnagar Causes Uproar: Parents Organize Wedding ThemselvesDespite being a state crime, child marriages are still being organized by at least some families living in some areas. Even if the girl has just turned ten or twelve, she is married off, but not sent to school. In some places, this illegal practice is perpetuated by taking money. Though legally child marriage is a criminal offense, the same practice is followed in some areas. The Parents themselves are pushing their children into the married life difficulties hence into a life of burden and problems, N this filling context a shocking incident is noticed that a sixth-grade girl gets married to a young man in the Mahabubnagar district.

In Gandhid Mandal, a boy from a village named Beerappa got married to a village girl. As it was summer vacation, the parents of the girl had married their daughter in June. The groom was attending school. When the school re-opened, it was discovered that the girl was married. The teachers reported it to the district authorities. An inquiry was made and the officials sent the girl to the state home. The police charged the young man and his family members under the POCSO Act.

What the Law Says

To prevent the child marriage system, a law was introduced in 1929 by the British Indian government, which had gone into force throughout the country except in the territory of Jammu and Kashmir from April 1930. The law was termed the ‘Sharda Act.’ According to the said Act, the minimum marriageable age for girls had been fixed as 14 years and for boys, the age had been fixed as 18 years. The law was revised again in 1978, whereby it increased the minimum age of girls to 18 years and boys to 21 years. To protect girls from sexual offenses and to protect them, an act called the POCSO Act was introduced by the central government in 2012.

Central Minister’s Announcement

In 2020, the number of cases registered under the POCSO Act was 47,221. At that time, the charge sheet rate was 39.6%. Topping the list was the state of Uttar Pradesh, where 6,898 cases were registered in 2020, followed by Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh with 5,687 and 5,648 cases, respectively. According to the data, the charge sheet rate in Uttar Pradesh was 70.7 percent, while in Maharashtra it was 30.9 percent and in Madhya Pradesh, it was 37.2 percent. Manipur has been charging consistently for three years in a row and documented a 100 percent charge sheet rate. The pending number of cases in 2020 is 1,70,000, which is 57.4% higher compared to the number in 2018, which was 1,08,129,

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