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Not a carry bag… it’s a time bomb… the countdown has already begun!” 

Not a carry bag... it's a time bomb... the countdown has already begun!" 

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It takes thousands of years for plastic waste to break down in water or soil. Around the world, 400-500 million tons of plastic are produced annually, with 40-50% of those tons being used once. Around 8 to 10 million tons of plastic waste enter the seas every year, imperiling marine and earthly life. The widespread use of plastic has resulted in significant pollution of the earth, air, water, and fire—the five elements—of the environment. By 2040, nearly 29 million metric tons of plastic waste could accumulate in the oceans if the current trend continues.

Ships and fishing boats dump unnecessary items and waste into the sea, while industries and waterways contribute tons of plastic to the oceans. This debris is carried into the ocean’s depths by powerful currents and waves. Microplastics form from plastic waste over time, contaminating marine life and ecosystems. These microplastics seriously affect marine biodiversity, with numerous ocean animals ingesting plastic, confusing it with food, prompting their demise. Two-thirds of marine species are threatened by the proliferation of plastic waste.

Additionally, plastic pollution has an impact on the economy. Each year, coastal pollution costs about 13 billion dollars, harms natural resources and requires significant cleanup efforts. To reduce the use of plastic, strict regulations have been enacted in some nations. For instance, Ireland forced a 15-penny charge on plastic sacks, decreasing their use by 90% soon. For using plastic bags, Kenya has imposed severe penalties, including fines and jail time.

Reusing plastic waste into usable items can produce pay, as shown by the Joshimath Region in Uttarakhand, India. They collect old plastic bottles, turn them into bricks, sell them, and make a lot of money. Existing initiatives include the production of diesel from plastic and the construction of roads from plastic waste. Society must work together to combat the threat posed by plastic.

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